Canadian Casinos North Of The Border For Fun & Games

Gambling in Canada expanded in leaps and bounds during the 1990′s.

Canada now boasts 59 casinos and 70 racetrack/slots venues in 7 provinces and NWT.

Provincial governments oversee gaming in each of the participating provinces.

The legal gambling age is 19 years of age. I suggest you call ahead for casino hours and location.

All information is correct at time of writing, but may change.

Nova Scotia

Casino Nova Scotia operates two locations in Halifax, 1983 Upper Water St. on the waterfront-Purdy’s Wharf and Sydney.

Quebec

All casinos have a dress code (no jeans), and no gratuities are accepted.

Casino Montreal: 1, Avenue du Casino, Montreal in Parc Des Iles. Nuance – 5 star restaurant.

Casino de Hull: 1, Blvd. du Casino, Hull. Across the river from Ottawa, Canada’s capital city.

Ontario

Contact Ontario Casino Corp. 416-326-0076 for current updates.

Charity Casinos: Four locations. All use The Winners Circle players card.

Brantford: 40 Icomm Drive, Brantford. Located 55 miles southwest of Toronto in downtown Brantford, ON. This celestial themed casino has a gift shop, a liquor license, Meteor Bar lounge and dining at the Cosmic Diner cafeteria. Open 24 hours.

Thunder Bay: 50 Cumberland St. S., Thunder Bay. Location: On the north shore of Lake Superior in Thunder Bay, ON. The area is rich in the history of mining, marine and fur trading. A sea faring themed casino of more than 14,000 square feet.

Point Edward: 2000 Venetian Blvd., Point Edward. Location: Ten blocks from Sarnia, Ont. near the Bluewater Bridge on the St. Clair River. Indoor sights of a ship’s hull, saltwater aquarium and glass bridge add to this nautical themed casino.

Casino Sault Ste. Marie: 30 Bay St. W., Sault Ste. Marie. Location: Northern Ontario approx. 400 miles north of Toronto. Great hunting and fishing in this area.

Eighteen racetracks have placed more than 9000 slots as per the provincial plan in partnership with the Ontario Lottery & Gaming Commission.

Manitoba

VLT’s available in many bars throughout Manitoba. Two of the best are:

Club Regent: 1425 Regent W., Winnipeg.
McPhillips Stn.: 484 McPhillips St., Winnipeg.

Saskatchewan

Casino Regina: Union Station, 1880 Saskatchewan Dr. is this province’s premiere casino.

Alberta

Casinos offer regular slots rather than VLT’s.

Edmonton is Canada’s fastest growing gaming city, and Casino Yellowhead is its jewel.

Home to the world’s largest shopping/entertainment complex – West Edmonton Mall.

Casino Yellowhead: Yellow Head Trail at 153rd St. located in the West Edmonton Mall.

At 73,500 sq. ft, Yellowhead is the largest casino in western Canada.

British Columbia

Great Canadian Casinos operates several casinos in BC.

Most locations offer these table games: Blackjack, Roulette, Mini-Baccarat, Red Dog, Let It Ride, Caribbean Stud Poker, Sic Bo, Texas Hold ‘Em, Seven-Card Stud Poker and slots.

Each casino is centrally located in large municipalities and offers currency exchange,food and beverage service, wheel chair accessibility and nearby public transportation.

Western Canada Lottery Corporation works in conjunction with the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and territory of Yukon and Sport North Lottery Authority.

There are no taxes paid on lottery or casino winnings in Canada.

Being Canadian and born in Toronto, the research for this information was a labour (Canadian spelling) of love.

A Closer Look At Positive Expectation

What do I mean when I refer to an over 100% machine?” An over 100% machine simply means a machine that pays back more than you put in. Fantastic, except for one thing: this is factored over a long period of time. It does not mean over 100% in every session.” In fact, an over 100% machine isn’t guaranteed to earn you a profit even over what most would consider a long period of time. And it’s certainly not graphed by a steady upward curve. The only sure thing I’ve ever found in casino gambling is streakiness, and video poker results can be as streaky as it gets.
Also, and this is a very important concept to grasp: whether or not you achieve that over 100% return depends on the number of royals you hit. A royal contributes approximately 1.7%-2% (depending on the game) to the total payback percentage, and you only hit a royal about once every 35,000- 45,000 handssome 80 hours of play. So during those other 79 hours, even if you’re playing a deuces wild machine with a 100.76% payback percentage and accruing .5% slot club cash back for your play, that 1.8% you lose for not hitting the royal pretty much wipes out your advantage during the periods in between the big jackpot. During these periods, you will most likely lose money (positive expectation is sweet, but it usually doesn’t come easily). That’s why it’s necessary to analyze situations in terms of what mathematicians call expected value” or expected return,” which assumes an infinite period of play.
Okay, with that groundwork laid, here are a couple of examples of positive expectation readily available in any number of casinos in Las Vegas at any given time.
Playing full-pay” deuces wild with computerperfect (optimal”) strategy, the return percentage is 100.76%. Another way to say this is: for every $100
you put into a full-pay deuces wild video poker machine, you’ll get back $100.76. It may look skinny,” but that’s a pretty good edge. Unfortunately, only a computer can play computer-perfect strategy. Humans make mistakes. They get tired of sitting and staring at a screen. They get a little fuzzy from the free drinks. The guys get distracted by short skirts on cocktail waitresses. I figure skilled human strategy on a full-pay deuces wild machine is more like 100.5%. In these examples, my numbers are based on that one-half-percentage-point advantage.
Playing 25 full-pay deuces, you’re making $1.25 bets (five quarters). If you play slowly (say 320 hands per hour), you’ll put about $400 through the deuces wild machine in 60 minutes. At our skilled human capability of 100.5%, over that hour your expected return is $402 (1.005 X $400 = $402). Thus, your expected return (or win) is $2 per hour. Don’t quit your day job!
Example 2. This time you’re playing $1 deuces wild with skilled human strategy, but you’re playing fast (600 hands per hour). Betting $5 per hand, you’re putting $3,000 through the machine per hour. Now your .5% positive expected return produces $3,015; over the long term you’ll take in $15 per hour. That’s like a $30,000-a-year paycheck.

A Closer Look at Negative Expectation

The flip side of positive expectation is, logically enough, negative expectation. An under 100% machine” is a machine that pays back less than you put in. Let’s say you find a 25 deuces wild machine that has only one change in the pay table from the full- pay deuces schedule. A key changeit pays only four coins for four-of-a-kind instead of five. That’s just one tiny alteration, but it gives the house a whopping 5.7% edge. This means that you’re playing a game that returns only 94.3%. Now if you play a slow 320 hands per hour, you’re losing $22.80 per hour (.057 X $400)and that’s on a 25 machine.
Does the $2-per-hour profit from full-pay deuces look better to you now? And does the $22.80-per- hour loss convince you to read pay tables carefully? The main reason for all the new video poker variations is that casino know there are a lot of players with a little bit of video poker knowledge. Many people now know that full-pay jacks or better and deuces wild are good games, but they’re not real careful about reading the pay tables to make sure that full-pay is what they’re playing. Point them toward any jacks or better or deuces machine and they assume it pays liberally. The casinos, of course, make sure that they aren’t: Play this game. It’s almost like the other one that pays a lot more.”
This occasionally backfires on a casino when it monkeys with a pay schedule of a well-known machine and the changes result in a larger payback percentage. If you become a true student of the game, you’ll be able to spot these situations, know what changes to make in the strategy, and take advantage to make a lot of money on these machines, until the casino wises up and fixes the schedule or removes the machines entirely.

Jacks or Better

Jacks or better is the basic video poker game. One of the first to come out, it’s considered something of a video poker standard. The full-pay version is known as 9/6 jacks or better, meaning the payback (with one coin in) for a full house is 9 coins and for a flush is 6 coins. Sad to say, there are not a lot of them outside of Las Vegas. Full-pay jacks or better has a return percentage of 99.5%. It’s not a positive game; as we’ve seen, the casino has a .5% advantage. But because it’s readily available in Vegas and a lot of other video poker variations are derived from it, I also consider it the standard. Often you get enough cash back from the slot club or a promotion to make jacks or better an over 100% game.The first chart is what the pay table for a 9/6 jacks or better video poker machine looks like. The second is also a jacks or better pay table, but with a crib- cal difference: it’s an 8/5 machine. Note the difference in the payouts for full house and flush; this lowers the return to 97.3%.
As I mentioned earlier, I’m not going to provide you with the strategies, which are readily available in any number of books and computer software programs. See the Appendix for recommendations.

Slot Machines For Casino Gambling People

There’s a lot of available games to play inside a casino whenever somebody wants to go Casino Gambling. A gambler could pick to play card games, roulettes, and other games that have evolved over time. But among these, slot machines remain to be one of the favorites of people who love Casino Gambling.

Slot machines have been around almost instantaneously as casinos. The very first machine was created in 1887. It featured the commonly known configuration of the machine. This one-armed bandit” was also able to feature an automated system that enabled it to simplify the payout mechanism of the machine. This became popular and soon found its way into every local bar or saloon at that time. Thus, possibly initiating the beginning of Casino Gambling.

Today, variations in the popular machine have become an act of creativity for its developers. Different machines come up with very different themes. The variations could go as creative as using pirate themes, geometric shapes, just to name a few. This is probably the reason why in Britain, slot machines are more commonly called as the fruit machines”. But whatever theme developers might come up with, the basic principle behind it still remains. The characters and the number of lines might change, but nevertheless, they still follow the original game structuring of its origin. It adds to the flavor of course, that Casino Gambling people are able to enjoy the machines they are betting on, given that they have evolved to become more fun.

The development of the slot machine did not come without myths surrounding it. Some Casino Gambling people believe that certain machines become either hot” or cold”, depending on the number hits or wins a particular machine has given. Although myths such as this have crept its way throughout different places, the odds of winning on a standard slot machine is determined by an RNG or Random Number Generator. This means that on standardized machines, the odds of winning is always the same.

There are however, some machines that are specifically programmed to increase the probability of winning. Depending on the state laws that govern a particular casino, Casino Gambling on slot machines are required to give out what is called a payout percentage. Usually, the payout percentage is somewhere between 82 to 98 percent. But in the case of Nevada where state laws are not the same as others, the baseline payout percentage of machines is set to 75. This means that supposing one spin costs $1, after 1,000,000 spins have been played, the machine should have at least returned an average of $750,000 to the players. And so goes for other machines that have a different payout percentage set.

Other machines that are commonly seen when going Casino Gambling are those that give out huge jackpot prizes. The machines that could give out as much as $7,000,000, are linked in a network of different machines. The network could also extend to other casinos, enabling a link between one casino’s slot machines and the other’s. However, because of the large jackpot prize being allotted by these systems, the usual case is that the payout percentage is smaller than the one from a single machine.

Casino Gambling is still predominantly based on probability. Although this is sometimes preset by programs that are usually required by state laws, the odds of winning on a slot machine and any other Casino Gambling endeavor still requires a certain amount of luck to pull off.

Casino Games And Mathematics. Part 2.

Thorp managed to find out that owners of gambling houses gave their officials rather strict directions with regard to the strategies which they should stick to in the game with visitors. Control over fulfillment of these directions had its initial aim to prevent from a frame-up of a croupier with the rest of the gamblers, a chance of which could not be excluded. Assigned for a croupier strict rules determining his game strategy really substantially reduced a probability of such a frame-up, but on the other hand, allowed an advanced” gambler to rather adequately reveal the essence of this strategy and effectively oppose it. For unlike a croupier a gambler needn’t show the first of the received cards, as well as isn’t enchained by any strict rules as regards his strategy, that is why flexibly changing his behavior he can confuse a croupier. For example, Thorp found out that practically in all gambling houses of Nevada State croupiers were strictly ordered to keep away from a widow in case the amount of points in his cards exceeded or was equal to 17, and a player, from our mathematician’s point of view did not have to miss an opportunity to make use of the knowledge of even some aspects of a croupier’s strategy for achievement of his aims. Thus, those advantages which had an official of a gambling house from the start (as we already know, he is not obliged to open his cards at the end of the game), can be compensated to a certain degree for the knowledge of a player about the strategic “tunnel vision” of a croupier.

Besides, as has been mentioned, Thorp, while building his strategy presumed that cards were not often shuffled, in particular, if after finishing of a regular game there were still cards left in a pack, a croupier did not collect the thrown-away by the gamblers cards but dealt them anew (and the next game was played), and only after complete exhaustion of a pack, an official of a gambling house collected all the cards, thoroughly shuffled them and a new cycle” began. Naturally, if a gambler had a good memory he could change his strategy depending on the knowledge of the cards which had gone out of the game, and what cards could still be counted upon. It is important to remember that a croupier himself who was to strictly follow the directions of the casino’s owners practically without changing his strategy!

Thorp set himself a task to formulate the rules which would allow him to calculate probabilities of taking out one or another card out of an incomplete pack. Knowing these probabilities a gambler could already with reasonable assurance draw cards from the widow without being too much afraid of a pip out”, and besides, on the basis of the knowledge of some aspects of a croupier’s strategy to make suppositions about those cards which he had, and other gamblers as well. Naturally, as a gambler was to make a decision with regard to a widow very quickly, the sought rules for calculation of probabilities were to be rather simple for a gambler to be able to use them in mind” with the help of neither a calculator, nor a pen and paper (even if we suppose that a gambler will be given a chance to do calculation on paper, it will certainly arise suspicion). Edward Thorp managed to solve this mathematical problem having created rather simple algorithms for calculation of probabilities of taking out of one or another card from a pack, and using them to build a strategy of the game of twenty-one which would not be very complicated, allowing a gambler to considerably increase his chances of winning!

As the Hungarian mathematician A.Reni states after a few days of presenting his report on the obtained results at the meeting of the American Maths Society in 1960 in Washington Thorp received from a businessman a letter with a check for 1 thousand dollars intended for checking of a winning strategy in practice. Thorp accepted the check and having learnt the formulated by him rules left for Nevada to try his discovery. The trial went well: less than after two hours Thorp won 17 thousand dollars.

Needless to say, the owner of a gambling house didn’t share Thorp and his companion’s delight with regard to a successful comeout of the trial and the next day did his best to prevent Thorp from joining in the game. Later on Thorp tried to penetrate into other gambling houses, but the news of him had already spread far and wide, so that the doors of all the gambling houses appeared to be closed for him. Several times having adjusted a fake beard or having got a make up of a Chinese, Thorp managed to get to the gaming-table, but in any disguise his constant gain invariably gave him away. Thorp had to refuse from further checking of the strategy developed by him”. Though “additional checks” were necessary” only to enrich the pockets of the talented mathematician. One could hardly doubt that E.Thorp managed to create a real winning strategy!

However, since he could no longer benefit from his discovery himself, he decided to render welfare assistance” to his colleagues having published in 1961 a small article in an American academic journal (Thorp E.O. “A favourable strategy for twenty-one”, Proc.Nat.Acad.Sci., 47, 110-112, (1961)). And despite the small size of the article and, consequently, an extremely condensed form of persentment, made it comprehensible for rather a narrow group of professionals, one can be sure that a number of American scientists and their friends certainly “improved” their material situation (owners of gambling houses were unlikely to read scientific magazines at that time).

Gaming Services: A Career In Gambling

It was a long time before gambling was legalized in the United States. It was not a one time legalization of all gambling games though but a very long process. The legalization process was also different and in various stages for each state. In the end, the government assessed more jobs for employment due to the legalization of gambling. Casino games such as poker, black jack, slot machines were said to be helpful in creating jobs across the United States.

Gaming or the play of various games of chance is reported to be a multi-billion industry that paved the way for the creation of a number of service professions. Gaming can include the usual casino gaming, state lotteries, horse racing, dog racing and even charitable games. The gaming industry created such an impact that it reached the status of an industry. How ironic that an industry that is supported by games of chance could sustain and provide stable jobs for the people.

Almost all workers that cater to the gaming industry are employed in the casinos. These workers have titles and responsibilities that could vary from one casino establishment to another but despite these differences in titles, all workers are basically doing the same thing. Workers could supervise, investigate and conduct surveillance while some of them will be assigned to work directly with the customers or casino players. These workers will perform various activities such as dealing cards or running games, tending the slot machines, handling money and writing or running tickets.

The Gaming Supervisor

The workers mentioned above will not be as organized as they should be without someone to oversee and supervise their day to day activities. This is the job of a gaming supervisor. A casino establishment can have more than one gaming supervisor. Gaming supervisors oversee the operations and workers assigned in a particular area of the casino. They circulate within the area, checking every table available and ensure the fluidity of the games even in the midst of shift changes.

Basically, the gaming supervisors are the workers who usually interact with guests in times of complaints or whenever guests have a hard time to understand the rules or limitations of a particular table game. These people are the ones who toy with ideas or various strategies on how to enliven the atmosphere for the guests while they are staying and playing in the casino. At the same time, they are ready for any inquiries or special requests that guests needs throughout their stay in the casino.

Other Occupations Available In The Gaming Industry

Some of the work occupations available in the gaming industry require a special level of skill. For example, black jack card dealers must be able to deal the cards smoothly and with precision, or else players might think that they are being cheated on the game. The skills indicated here are only useful and unique to casino gaming. Still, other occupations require skills that focus on being able to conduct financial transactions. All in all, these skills are mostly required by workers that are in contact with the guests and players. The workers mentioned above that deals cards or run table games, tends the slot machines, and handles money and tickets will need necessary skills helpful to their trades.

It is worth noting that workers are on shift rotation so each one will experience handling a specific work that will require a necessary skill. Casino establishment usually require their employees to undergo a specialized training that covers the whole casino gaming. In this training, attendees learn to cut a deck of cards smoothly, learn a few tricks with it and be able to deal it effectively along with other special skills.

There are slot key persons assigned in slot key machines that are responsible in overseeing its effective operation and supervising slot key workers. One job of the slot key person is to verify and handle the pay-off winnings of a lucky patron and reset the slot machine or refill its money contents. Another job is to make decisions regarding the repair of the slot machines.

A slot key person must be knowledgeable in different brands of slot machines. They must be able to detect a minor operational glitch in a slot machine and be capable of fixing it. In case of a major operational damage, the slot key person is also the person responsible to decide whether a slot machine needs to be removed from the floor for major repairs. Working in the floor as normal frontline personnel, the slot key persons are tasked to enforce the safety rules of the casino establishment and to report hazards to those concerned.

In operating games such as keno or bingo, there are gaming writers and runners that are tasked to take bets for the game and assist in its operation. These workers operates the device that issues random numbers, announce the numbers selected, pick-up and verify the tickets from the game patrons, calculate and distribute the game winnings.

The gaming dealers, on the other hand, are responsible for the card games such as poker, black jack, craps and roulette. The gaming dealers can be seen standing or sitting behind a table and facing the card game patrons. They will provide the dice and deal the cards to the patrons. During the card game, the gaming dealers will also monitor the patrons for any possible violation of the casino rules. In the card games, the gaming dealers must be highly skilled in their card games and are able to provide excellent customer service, especially in moments when a patron is losing most of his bet money.

The gaming dealers determine the winner of the card game, calculate and pay the winning bet while also collecting the bet money. It is a big advantage for a person that aspires to be a gaming dealer to be competent in at least two card games such as poker or black jack.